Varicose veins in the uterus: causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention

abdominal pain in a woman with uterine varicose veins

Leg varicose veins are a pathology well known to many modern people at first hand. Almost every third woman of childbearing age faces this. But a diagnosis like "uterine varicose veins" can lead any patient to fear and bewilderment. After all, this disease is very rare and little known. In addition, this disease is difficult to diagnose as it often proceeds almost asymptomatically.

varicose veins of the uterus

What is it

Uterine varicose veins (see photo above) is a disease in which the walls of blood vessels become very thin, long and inelastic. Many people think that this can only happen with the legs, but in reality it is not so. In fact, varicose veins can originate anywhere in the body where blood vessels pass.

Surprisingly, uterine varicose veins are diagnosed quite often, but despite their prevalence, they carry a huge danger. Usually, this defect occurs with a mild clinical picture. In addition, its signs are often perceived as symptoms of diseases of Organs reproductive organs, which only exacerbates the situation due to the lack of necessary treatment.

Often, the pathology can be detected only during pregnancy. After all, it is during this period that a woman's body undergoes the most thorough and detailed diagnoses.

The reasons

Several conditions can lead to the disease. Among them, experts identify several main causes of uterine varicose veins.

  • Hormonal imbalance. The female body is constantly subject to spikes in vital element levels with each menstrual cycle. In addition, hormonal disorders often occur during menopause and pregnancy, as well as when taking oral contraceptives.
  • Regular abortions.
  • Pathologies of Organs reproductive organs. The greatest danger is borne by diseases that go on for a long time without proper treatment.
  • hereditary predisposition.
  • frequent childbirth.
  • Carrying a big child.
  • Anomalies of a congenital nature related to the vessels of the uterine cavity.
sedentary work as a cause of uterine varicose veins

Group of risk

Among other things, the likelihood of developing uterine varicose veins significantly increases under the influence of such conditions:

  • obesity;
  • sedentary lifestyle;
  • bad habits;
  • excessive physical activity;
  • endocrine pathologies;
  • an increase in the size of the organ itself.

During pregnancy, this disease appears against the background of the release of progesterone into the bloodstream. This hormone can not only tone down the reproductive elements, but also the walls of blood vessels. As a result, they are oversaturated with blood due to disturbances in the output process and are very stretched.

It is worth mentioning that the pathology can cover other organs of the genitourinary system. Less often diagnosed are varicose veins of the cervix, ovaries and even external reproductive parts of the body.


Usually, the signs of uterine varicose veins are mild. In addition, they often resemble manifestations of inflammation, so the true pathology simply goes unnoticed.

Most often, the disease is detected during pregnancy, as it is at this time that the organ is subjected to the greatest load, which contributes to the rapid progression of the defect. Typically, the first symptoms of uterine varicose veins are:

  • pain in the lower abdomen, aggravated or arising after physical exertion and intimacy, may be given to the lower back;
  • abnormal change in the menstrual cycle - the discharge becomes very scanty and its duration increases;
  • there is increased sensitivity of the vagina;
  • during childbirth, the disease manifests itself as a feeling of fullness in the hypogastrium.
lower abdomen pain with uterine varicose veins

By the way, many women take the last symptom for the onset of premature labor.

Typically, the disease is extremely difficult to identify by symptoms. The treatment of uterine varicose veins is often delayed precisely because of diagnostic difficulties. That is why many women face complications from this disease.

Uterine varicose veins carry a great danger as the thinned and expanded walls of the vessels can be injured and torn. Against the background of these processes, anemia occurs. Also, this disease can cause complications during childbirth and labor.

Uterine varicose veins have a dull clinical picture, while they pose a threat to a woman's health. Finding it is always extremely difficult, so you should use all kinds of exams and go through them as carefully as possible.


It is simply impossible to make a diagnosis of "varicose veins in the uterus" solely on the basis of a gynecological examination and the history collected. After all, any specific manifestations of this disease are uncommon. Doppler ultrasound is recommended for the detection of intrauterine varices. This procedure allows you to carefully examine the state of the vessels in the uterus and determine the presence of the disease. In addition, the patient may receive auxiliary examinations:

  • laparoscopy;
  • computed tomography of Organs pelvic organs;
  • selective ovariography;
  • phlebography.

Among other things, the possibility of the presence of endometriosis, neuropathy that appeared after surgery, deviations in the location of the uterus and inflammatory processes in the intestine should be excluded. In other words, it is very important to carry out a differential diagnosis. After all, the symptoms of the conditions described are very similar to the manifestations of varicose veins.

You can choose the appropriate treatment regimen only after going through a full diagnosis.

Varicose veins of the uterus - what to do

In the treatment of this disease, conservative and surgical methods are successfully used. Two specialists are simultaneously involved in solving such a problem: a phlebologist and a gynecologist.

Conservative therapy involves the use of:

  • antiplatelet agents;
  • venotonic agents;
  • anti-inflammatory drugs.

It is worth saying that during the delivery of the baby, all the proposed drugs are contraindicated. Thus, the patient during pregnancy is recommended therapeutic exercise. Also, women at this time are shown wearing compression underwear.

swimming with varicose veins

Upon completion of drug therapy, the patient must maintain a healthy lifestyle. It is imperative to give up bad habits and provide the body with full physical activity every day.

In addition, the treatment of uterine varicose veins involves maintaining a balanced diet. During the therapy period, it is very important to replenish your daily menu with the maximum amount of fruits, vegetables, bran, fermented milk components, as well as foods rich in iodine. In addition, compliance with the intake regimen is shown. The diet also involves the rejection of fried, fatty, smoked and spicy foods, confectionery and other sweets.

food for varicose veins

How to treat uterine varicose veins? In addition to following a diet and taking medication, it is recommended that women swim, regularly take a contrast bath and perform lymphatic drainage massage. All these procedures will significantly speed up the healing process.

Other treatments

In some cases, uterine varices may be an indication for surgical intervention. Usually, specialists resort to surgery with strong progression of the pathology. During the surgical intervention, the damaged vessels are completely removed and replaced with special prostheses.

laparoscopy for varicose veins

In addition, varicose veins of the uterus can be treated through laparoscopy. During this procedure, the integrity of the skin is not violated, only small punctures are made, through which the damaged veins are removed. At the time of endovascular X-ray surgery, the process is fully controlled with the help of special devices. In this case, catheters are inserted into the vessels.

In some cases, drug therapy is combined with folk recipes. A good result in fighting varicose veins can be achieved with the help of horse chestnut, kombucha, dandelion and other medicinal plants. But they can be used only after agreement with the gynecologist.

varicose vein pills

Childbirth characteristics

If during pregnancy a woman has varicose veins of the uterus, then there is always a completely logical question regarding childbirth. In these cases, the patient may receive a cesarean section and a natural birth. The final decision is always the doctor's. In general, the situation depends on the degree of neglect of the pathology and the presence of a danger to the life of the mother and child.


To prevent the appearance of varicose veins, you should adhere to a healthy lifestyle, eat right, try to provide the body with normal physical activity. If there is a risk of developing the disease, you should contact a specialist who will help you choose the correct venotonic agents.

Varicose veins are considered a very serious pathology. That is why it is very important when an illness occurs to treat it in time to avoid the development of all kinds of complications.

exercises for varicose veins in pregnancy


As already mentioned, uterine varicose veins are considered a dangerous disease that is almost asymptomatic. That is why this defect often leads to the occurrence of various complications. Most often, women in the context of varicose veins face such complications:

  • interruptions in the menstrual cycle;
  • placental insufficiency;
  • venous thrombosis;
  • thrombophlebitis.

Some women believe that pathology is a contraindication to intimacy. However, in reality it is not so: it is possible to have sex if it does not cause discomfort. But with regard to the use of oral contraceptives, it is worth consulting a gynecologist. As a rule, these drugs for varicose veins are strictly prohibited. Therefore, to avoid all kinds of complications in the future, you should choose another method of contraception.