Varicose veins in the legs

Diseases of the lower extremities attack modern man at almost every stage.

What is varicose veins?

Let's take a look at what are varicose veins on the legs. Varicose veins on the legs are a rather serious disease, the main signs of which are the loss of elasticity of the veins, their curvature and elongation. In addition, many other adverse factors also negatively affect the vessels, which leads to weakening, and the blood in the lower extremities begins to stagnate.

The venous system of the lower extremities is under increasing stress and the valves in the veins begin to malfunction. This leads to rapid leg fatigue, pain and swelling. Subsequently, the symptoms of disease of the veins of the lower extremities begin to show effects visible to the naked eye, for example, a kind of "spiders". If you do not react, the disease can cause quite serious complications from varicose veins of the lower extremities.

The danger of lower extremity varicose veins is also that it is extremely problematic to identify them in the early stages. The early stages of the disease are not accompanied by easily identifiable symptoms, but if you start to experience leg pain, fatigue, and cramping begin to occur, you should take steps immediately to prevent lower extremity venous disease.

In the event that a "mesh" of vessels on the legs is already visible, which will become more and more pronounced over time, it is necessary to take urgent measures to treat CVD. In very advanced cases, the first treatment of patients occurs when entire "clusters" of protruding saphenous veins are already clearly visible in both legs. Later, they can develop into blood clots and ulcers, the treatment of which can take decades.

leg pain with varicose veins

It is not absolutely proven that varicose veins are transmitted at the genetic level, but often the development of the disease is observed in relatives of different generations.

The most serious complication of varicose veins of the lower extremities is thrombophlebitis, in which a blood clot forms in the vein.

The disease characterizes inflammation, which can cause a blood clot to separate from the vascular wall. And this is the cause of thromboembolism of the pulmonary arteries, that is, a blood clot, when it enters the vessels of the lungs, obstructs them and disturbs the respiratory system. With such an unfavorable evolution of events, the risk of death is high.

Causes and symptoms of varicose veins

Varicose veins on the legs, according to various luminaries of medicine, occur under the influence of many factors, but several main aspects can be identified with certainty:

  • the main one can be called heredity for sure. If one of your loved ones, for example parents or grandparents, had varicose veins in the legs, the risk that the disease will not ignore it is extremely high. It is worth mentioning that it does not matter where your family members were diagnosed with the disease;
  • in addition to hereditary factors, unfavorable working and living conditions in general, as well as the presence of bad habits, play an important role. More specifically, they include sedentary work or, conversely, work associated with lifting weights, fashionable but uncomfortable clothes and shoes, neglecting oneself and being lazy to visit a phlebologist;
  • phlebeurism
  • For women, the period of risk is pregnancy. It is during the birth of a child that changes occur in a woman's body that can cause varicose veins. Not only the increasing weight of the expectant mother and the changes within her body, but also the birthing process itself, when the venous load reaches its climax, has a huge negative effect on the vessels. It is noted that in half of the women, it is at this time that varicose veins appear, which previously did not cause discomfort.

On specialized sites on the Internet you can see photos of how varicose veins in men and women on the legs negatively transform a person and what it is like to ignore the problem. Many people ask the question: "What to do with varicose veins? " Below we will talk about the main methods of treatment and prevention of the disease.

The first and first symptoms that indicate varicose veins of the lower extremities are as follows:

  • feeling of heaviness in the legs, especially after a long walk or uncomfortable shoes;
  • moderate pain after a day of work;
  • increase in human fatigue.

These signs are somewhat similar to other diseases - flat feet, artery problems, and lumbar osteochondrosis. This is why a timely appeal to a vascular specialist is important, as self-treatment without a correct diagnosis often has unpleasant consequences.

Methods of diagnosis and treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities

leg exam for varicose veins

To diagnose varicose veins of the lower extremities, you need to consult a specialist who will prescribe various tests and necessary procedures for you.

We emphasize that varicose veins of the lower extremities are not just a cosmetic defect, and if slight discomfort occurs, you should immediately consult a doctor.

The effectiveness of the entire treatment process depends on how early the disease is diagnosed. To detect varicose veins, the phlebologist can refer the patient to doppler ultrasound, in order to identify the quality of blood flow in the vessels, as well as the presence of obstacles in its path. The second method of diagnostic measurements is transillumination, which consists of highlighting the veins in two legs with a special light, which allows the doctor to easily identify the damage. Timely detection of the disease is the key to faster and less complicated treatment.

In the conditions of modern reality, medicine offers several treatment options for varicose veins in the legs. Damaged sections of the leg veins can be operablely removed, and in the early stages of varicose veins of the lower extremities it usually does not require surgical intervention. We will see the most used:

  • ointments, gels and various preparations called venotonics. At the initial stage of the disease, they have a positive calming effect, relieve heaviness in the legs, but it should be understood that the results achieved require a long exposure time. Active substances enter the body through the skin and affect only superficial veins. For greater efficiency, the specialist prescribes drugs aimed at strengthening the walls of blood vessels, improving blood flow and relieving pain;
  • sclerosis for varicose veins
  • another method is sclerotherapy. This medical intervention aims to "glue" small vessels and eliminate "spiders". The doctor injects a drug into the vessel, which, as it were, "welds" the vascular walls, which later leads to the formation of a cord, and the stuck vein resolves over time. The procedure does not require anesthesia and the whole process takes no more than 15 minutes;
  • to seal large vessels, the laser coagulation method is used. For its implementation, local anesthesia is used. This occurs by introducing an LED into a leg vein, which emits laser radiation that heats the blood cells that ferment the vessel. The healed area also resolves over time;
  • in some cases, an operation - phlebectomy may be prescribed. Now, this is one of the most effective ways to get rid of varicose veins from lower extremities. The patient can go home the next day after the procedure, but he needs to follow certain measures. This includes wearing special underwear or wrapping your legs for a month.
  • Ozone therapy is one of the newest methods for treating varicose veins of the lower extremities. Its main objective is the fight against vascular "asterisks". Using a small needle, ozone is injected into the damaged area on two legs and causes the vessel to stick. To understand the positive dynamics, a few steps are enough.
laser vein coagulation for varicose veins

varicose veins prevention

The main and immutable rule to prevent varicose veins in the legs is movement. With a sedentary lifestyle and work, it is necessary to wake up at least every hour and warm up, ideally - for a walk. In the absence of such an opportunity, at least stand, rolling from heel to toe.

If prescribed by a physician, do not neglect to wear specialized compression garments. If the weather conditions are not conducive to the use of meshes, it is recommended to perform the nightly hardware procedures for electromyostimulation. To do this, in almost any pharmacy you can buy a special device.

If you need to take a flight, a simple leg self-massage can help your veins survive. Gently pat, squeeze, and rub them together to "disperse" blood and clear congestion.

We can advise fashionistas not to go overboard with "hairpins". If your life cannot do without them, try to prioritize and, if possible, in the office or on the street, give preference to more comfortable shoes. For the female body, 4 cm high heels are ideal, high heels make the feet arch unnaturally and cause malnutrition of the fingers, which also causes varicose veins in the fingers.

Also, do not neglect the old method of hardening, if it is difficult for you to get completely under an ice shower, you can limit yourself to wetting your legs, which will have a positive effect on vascular tone.

Listen to the signals your legs give you and take timely and systematic measures to prevent varicose veins, this will increase the likelihood that you will never have to resort to surgery. And from the veins you will feel only reliability and health.